Medical malpractice laws are in place so that a patient who is injured by the negligence or mistake by a doctor can receive monetary compensation. The term, medical malpractice, refers to negligence by health care professionals where the treatment that was administered was substandard or caused some form of harm including injury or death to a patient. Most of the time, these types of cases involve some type of error in diagnosis, medication dosage or health management. Sometimes the error occurs because there was a failure to act or an action was done in negligence. When a patient receives substandard treatment, medical malpractice laws provide a way for them to recover some compensation.