The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) provides employees the right to take an unpaid leave in certain conditions without it effecting their job or position. The leave can be taken for certain medical conditions or family situations. There are criteria that must be met before an individual can take the leave. But while the employee is on leave, their job remains protected and they cannot be fired or replaced during the time that they are on leave. The law also requires that while the employee is off for leave the employer must continue to provide the health benefits for the worker as if they were at work during that time.
Employment law pertains to a legal relationship between employees and employers. There are various statutes and laws which determine rights and responsibilities for all parties concerned. There are employment laws on the federal level, state level, and city or county levels. These regulations cover the types of rights and responsibilities that come from having an employment contract. When an employer offers a position to an employee, the laws begin governing the transaction. Employment laws ensure that the entire process is done fairly from the hiring process, job duties, benefits, wages, promotions, employment reviews and termination. Not every law applies to every employment situation. Some laws are applicable depending on how many employees work at a company. Some federal laws can also be addressed by individual states which may have their own caveats. Companies both private and public can be subject to different regulations based on varying factors such as how many employees they have.